The invention belongs to the field of military industry and particularly relates to an intelligent identification gun. The gun comprises a grip and an actuating mechanism. The actuating mechanism comprises a gun locking device, a personnel identification device, a power source and a circuit. The personnel identification device is electrically connected with the gun locking device through the circuit and comprises an RFID unit and a fingerprint identification unit. The RFID unit comprises a personnel information verification end and a personnel information record end. The gun can be precisely managed through an intelligent grip system, and the management authority of the gun is limited within a smaller range; meanwhile, the using timeliness of the gun is fully optimized, and operation is convenient and efficient like a traditional gun; and the intelligent grip system adopts fingerprints and the RFID technology, the gun insurance can be removed through fingerprints of a user or an ID ring worn by the user, and the gun is automatically locked again when the grip is out of a hand, so that the situation that the gun is used by others is avoided.